A Restatement of the Scenario for Urban Reorganisation and

Land-Use & Environmental Reequilibrium on

Regional-National Scale


by Franco Archibugi

Planning Studies Centre - 1995

[also available in italian]

This work publishes the findings of research promoted a few years ago by the Ministry of the Environment and funded by the (Italian) National Research Council. The research aimed to propose rational and feasible ways of rebalancing Italy’s urban structure, to diminish the load of the metropolitan cities and to allow small and medium cities to recuperate an important role in land use for various activities.
The study is part of a “strategic project” of the CNR called “Quadroter” (Territorial frame of reference for environmental policy), and accompanies a series of other studies that have covered action-oriented analyses in areas never previously explored. (See Table of Contents, below).
In the study, the country has been divided into 37 Urban Eco-systems with different roles and strategies, but all capable of a potential complete urban development. In fact, on the basis of demographic and territorial size and of basic land use conditions, such Urban Eco-systems represent programme areas which possess the potential requirements to attain an “urban effect”, and therefore provide a rationale for the distribution of investments in services and urban activities in order to represent a real improvement of the urban quality.
The first part of the work develops the philosophy and the general methodology of the project, or in other words, the criteria at the base of the selection and delimitation of the 37 Urban Eco-systems covering the entire national territory.
The second part of the work contains an analysis of the characteristics, problems and recommended strategies for the development of each of the 37 identified and proposed Urban Eco-systems.
For every Urban Eco-system the following have been outlined and proposed: the model of the system in its components; the areas of environmental and historical conservation existing in each; the transportation model to recommend as fitting to each.




1. The Geographical Conditionings of the Scenario

2. The Delimitation Proposed for the Urban-Metropolitan Eco-Systems

3. Possible Variants to the Delimitation Proposed

4. Advanced Techniques of Analysis and Evaluation of Alternative Aggregations

5. Typological and Strategic Characteristics of the Urban Metropolitan Eco-Systems Proposed

6. The Interdependency of the Strategic Approaches in National City Policy

7. Some National Strategies Coordinated with that for Urban Systems

8. A National Strategy for Areas of Environmental Conservation and Recovery

9. A National Strategy for Urban-Metropolitan Transport in Conformity with the Strategic Approaches of the Urban Eco-Systems

10. The Design of a National Inter-systemic Network              

Appendix 1: Basic Requirements of Urban Eco-Systems

Appendix 2: The Functional Components of the Urban Systems

Appendix 3: Typological Classification of Urban Systems

Appendix 4: The Strategy for the Realization of Urban Systems

Appendix 5: Reasons and Requirements for the Sub-systems of Environmental Recovery and the Image of the Urban System

Appendix 6: The Land-Transport Use Interaction: Concepts and Criteria



Exemplification of the Scenario of Land-use reorganization, for 19 of the 37 urban Eco-systems identified and proposed in the First Part.

For each of the 19 Eco-systems selected 4 Maps have been reproduced on the following themes:

1) the supporting cartography of the current administrative borders (town, province, region) and those - proposed - for the new urban system (Map No. 1);

2) a cartography of the structural components of the policy-oriented scenario (Map No. 2) for each system;

3) cartography of free areas and the "sub-systems of environmental recovery" (Map No. 3);

4) cartography of the strategy of urban-metropolitan transport (Map No. 4) with reference to the levels of flow planned for 2010.